India’s Chief Minister
India is the world largest democracy and has 29 states and 7 union territories. Each state has its own administrative head called the Chief Minister.
Chief Minister’s Role
Chief Minister is the head of the council of Ministers in the state, according to the Indian Constitution. However, the Governor is the head of the state but Chief Minister has the powers to govern the state even if it is not recognised by the official laws. The Indian Constitution follows the Westminster Model of Constitution democracy, in which the Governor is the ceremonial head but the Chief Minister is the real head of the state. Duties of the Chief Minister is to look after the day-today administration tasks of the states. The Chief Minister is assisted by the council of ministers such as Cabinet Ministers, deputy ministers and many others.
Powers and Authority of the Chief Minister
The duties of the Chief Minister in the state is exactly like the duties and powers of the Prime Minister of India but in the restricted jurisdiction of a state. Some duties of the Chief Minister are given below.
- Powers of the Chief Minister is to communicate with the Governor for the working of various organisations of the government as he is the link between the Governor and the council of Ministers.
- Powers of the Chief Minister is to form council of ministers from the members of his party for working within the state. The council of ministers chosen by the Chief Minister is called the Cabinet. In this Cabinet, various department such as transport, communication, health departments are allotted to various ministers in the Cabinet. Chief Minister has the powers to remove the ministers if they are not performing up to his /her standards.
- Powers of Chief Minister is to plan financial budget for economic growth and infrastructural growth in the state.
- Chief minister regularly communicates to the citizens of his state through periodic press conference to aware of the functioning and development in the state.
With the council of ministers, all the important decision are made by the Chief Minister of the state. The infrastructural development, technological development and the social economic development is handled by the Chief Minister of the state.
For the post of Chief Minister, following is eligibility criteria set by the Constitution of India.
- Candidate must be a citizen of India.
- Candidate must be the member of state Legislature. However if he/she is not a member of legislature then he/she should must take sign from the Governor.
- Candidate must be at least 25 years of age.
Chief Minister’s salary
The Chief Minister’s salary varies from state to state in India. The Chief Minister of the state is provided various facilities and allowances such as tax free allowance and constituency allowance besides the basic salary. The state legislature decides the salary of Chief Minister of state as per the Constitution of India Article 164.
Facilities given to the Chief Minister
The facilities given to Chief Minister varies from state to state. Some of the given facilities are listed below.
- Residential facilities
The chief Minister of the state is given a well-furnished house which is rent free. If Chief Minister wants to stay in his own house then rent of the house is paid according to the value.
- Medical facility
Chief Minister can avail free medical facility in any government hospital or government referral hospitals .
- Traveling facility
According to the Article 164 of the Indian Constitution ,Chief Minister is allotted a fixed amounts of money for travelling expenses within the jurisdiction of the country in the year. Chief Minister ‘s family members are also allotted some amount for free travelling in the year.
- Reimbursement of electricity and phone charges.
How the Chief Minister is elected?
The Chief Minister is not elected directly by the people of the state according to the Westminster model of the parliamentary system. The representatives from the Vidhan Sabha are elected by the people. These representatives are from various political parties, the representatives from the majority party choose the Chief Minister among them. However, the appointing authority is the Governor who is the nominal head of the state. The Governor can dissolve or terminate the Chief Minister if the majority party lose the vote of confidence in the state legislative assembly.
Term of office and Retirement Age
When the state legislative assembly is dissolved after 5 years, new Vidhan Sabha elections held and the tenure of the Chief Minister is for five years. Chief Minister can be terminated before the duration of five years by the Governor when alliance lose the vote of confidence in the legislative assembly. Although, Chief Minister can also resign before the five years duration if he/she wishes to. There is no retirement age for the Chief Minister.
Pension provided to the Chief Minister
After the retirement the Chief Minister, he/she is provided with certain amount of pension according to the Constitution of India. The pension’s amount may vary from one state to another.
List of Chief Minister in the states of India
|S.No.||State||Chief Ministers||Took Office||Party|
|1||Andhra Pradesh||N.Chandrababu Naidu||8 Jun 2014||Telugu Desam Party|
|2||Arunachal Pradesh||Pema Khandu||July 17, 2016||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|3||Assam||Sarbananda Sonowal||24 May 2016||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|4||Bihar||Nitish Kumar||22 Feb 2015||Janata Dal (United)|
|5||Chhattisgarh||Raman Singh||7 Dec 2003||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|6||Delhi||Arvind Kejriwal||14 Feb 2015||Aam Aadmi Party|
|7||Goa||Manohar Parrikar||14 Mar 2017||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|8||Gujarat||Vijay Rupani||7 Aug 2016||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|9||Haryana||Manohar Lal Khattar||26 Oct 2014||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|10||Himachal Pradesh||Jai Ram Thakur||27 Dec 2017||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|11||Jammu and Kashmir||Vacant||–||–|
|12||Jharkhand||Raghubar Das||28 Dec 2014||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|13||Karnataka||H. D. Kumaraswamy||23 May 2018||Janata Dal (Secular)|
|14||Kerala||Pinarayi Vijayan||25 May 2016||CPM|
|15||Madhya Pradesh||Shivraj Singh Chauhan||29 Nov 2005||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|16||Maharashtra||Devendra Fadnavis||31 Oct 2014||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|17||Manipur||Nongthombam Biren Singh||15 Mar 2017||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|18||Meghalaya||Conrad Sangma||06 March 2018||National People’s Party|
|19||Mizoram||Pu Lalthanhawla||7 Dec 2008||Indian National Congress|
|20||Nagaland||Neiphiu Rio||06 March 2018||Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party|
|21||Odisha||Naveen Patnaik||5 Mar 2000||Biju Janata Dal|
|22||Puducherry (UT)||Shri V. Narayanasamy||06 June 2016||Indian National Congress|
|23||Punjab||Captain Amarinder Singh||16 Mar 2017||Indian National Congress|
|24||Rajasthan||Vasundhara Raje||13 Dec 2013||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|25||Sikkim||Pawan Kumar Chamling||12 Dec 1994||Sikkim Democratic Front|
|26||Tamil Nadu||Edappadi K. Palaniswami||16 Feb 2017||All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam|
|27||Telangana||K Chandrasekhar Rao||2 Jun 2014||Telangana Rashtriya Samiti (TRS)|
|28||Tripura||Biplab Kumar Deb||09 Mar 2018||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|29||Uttar Pradesh||Yogi Adityanath||Mar 19, 2017||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|30||Uttarakhand||Trivendra Singh Rawat Doiwala||Mar 18, 2017||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|31||West Bengal||Mamata Banerjee||27 May 2016||All India Trinamool Congress|