Sonia Gandhi : Never wanted to join Politics and Now a ‘Great Politician’
Sonia Gandhi a political leader, a mother, a daughter in law and former president of the Indian National Congress. Sonia Gandhi is a very famous political personality in India. But her life’s journey started very far away from India where she is right now.
Sonia Gandhi’s early life
Sonia Gandhi was born on 9thDecember, 1946 in Lusiana, which is 30 km from Vicenza in Veneto, Italy. Sonia Gandhi completed her primary education from a local school in Lusiana. Sonia Gandhi later completed her higher education from Cambridge.
In 1968, she married Rajiv Gandhi, son of one of the most powerful leaders in India and former Prime Minister, Mrs. Indira Gandhi. Sonia Gandhi later on, took citizenship of India. In the initial years, she stayed away from public and social life and enjoyed living with her in-laws in New Delhi’s residence. However, her Husband Mr. Rajiv Gandhi was the evolving politician at that time. Sonia Gandhi had two children, a daughter, Priyanka Gandhi and a son Rahul Gandhi.
But she faced tragic situations by assassination of her mother-in-law, Mrs. Indira Gandhi in the year 1984, followed by assassination of her husband, Mr. Rajiv Gandhi who was also the Prime Minister of India in 1991.
However ,Sonia Gandhi was invited to join the politics by the Indian national Congress but Sonia Gandhi stayed away from the politics.
Sonia Gandhi’s political career
Rajiv Gandhi became the Prime Minister, soon after the assassination of her mother, Mrs. Indira Gandhi. Sonia Gandhi accompanied Rajiv Gandhi (her husband) in Election campaign and politics but only for minimum time.
After her husband’s assassination, Sonia Gandhi refused to become the Prime Minister. The Indian National Congress made P.V. Narasimha Rao as the Prime Minister of India.Sita Ram Kesari was the president of the Indian national Congress at that time and had to face revolt from leaders in Congress party such as Arjuna Singh, Mamta Banerjee, Rajesh Pilot , Madhav rao Sindhia, Narayan Dutt Tiwari, P.Chidambaram and many more this resulted in splitting away of the Congress. The second major issues with the Congress was the Opposition party, The Bharatiya Janata Party was involving to be grand and powerful party in the year 1996.
In 1997, Sonia Gandhi decided to join the party as a primary member in the Calcutta Plenary Session and became the party’s leader in the next year in 1998.In 1999, Congress party members like Tariq Anwar, Sharad Pawar and P.A. Sangma went on to form a new party the Nationalist Congress Party. Sonia Gandhi was invited to become Congress party’s President which she accepted. In the Lok Sabha election, she won her both seats from Amethi and Bellary in Karnataka, but repeated from Amethi in U.P. BJP led NDA won the 13th Lok Sabha elections and Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee became the Prime Minister of India, but Sonia Gandhi was elected as the leader of opposition.
In the Indian general elections, 2004, Congress Led UPA won the elections by unexpected defeat of the NDA ,and Sonia Gandhi was invited to become the Prime Minister of India. But she eventually refused and Manmohan Singh became the Prime Minister of India. In 2004, Lok Sabha elections Sonia Gandhi campaigned through out India with giving support to the poor community of voters. In the year 2006,Sonia Gandhi resigned from Lok Sabha and also from National Advisory council’ chairperson post. In 2009, Lok Sabha election Congress led UPA won with outstanding 206 seats under the leadership of Sonia Gandhi. And then, Manmohan Singh became the Prime Minister of India second time.
By Forbes Magazine,Sonia Gandhi was ranked 9th most powerful women and 21st most powerful person in the year 2013. Sonia Gandhi was named inamong the list of “Time 100 most influential people” in the world in 2007 and in 2008 by the New Statesman. On the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, Sonia Gandhi addressed the United States on 2nd October 2007.
Books dedicated to Sonia Gandhi
There are many books which are based on the life of Sonia Gandhi. Some of them are listed below :
- ‘Sonia Gandhi: Tryst with India’written by Nurul Islam Sarkar. It is considered as the tribute for Sonia Gandhi’s unselfish service and courage. In this book, you can read about her achievements for Congress party and her leadership qualities.Many unknown facts are also there in the group.
- Sonia Gandhi: An Extraordinary Life, An Indian Destiny is written by Rani Singh. This book is based on the life events of Sonia Gandhi. You can read about the love life of Rajiv and Sonia Gandhi and this book will also let you know the reasons behind, Sonia Gandhi’s entry into politics.
- ‘Sonia: A Biography’ swritten by Rasheed Kidwai. This book shows the picture of growth of Sonia Gandhi and Congress. It also describes Sonia Gandhi’s journey from an Italian town to New Delhi.
Sonia Gandhi has also written following books.
- ‘Two Alone, Two Together’, is written by Sonia Gandhi. In this book, you can find the selected conversation letters of Jawaharlal Nehru and Indira Gandhi. These letters showed the personality of these two eminent people. It also shows the bond and love between a father and a daughter.
- ‘Indira Gandhi: Selected Sayings’ is also written by Sonia Gandhi. This book contains several quotations from the speeches of Indira Gandhi. It shows other personality facets of Indira Gandhi apart from the Indian politics.
All the dedication and hard work done by Sonia Gandhi has resulted in strong position of the Congress Party.
How did Sonia Gandhi enter politics
Sonia Gandhi led a quiet and simple life as a housewife, away from public eye and politics. She got addressed with the general public during the election of her husband as a Prime Minister. This was the aftermath of the assassination of the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, who was the mother of Rajiv Gandhi. In the year 1984, it was the first time when Sonia Gandhi actively competed against her sister-in-Law (wife of his husband’s younger Sanjay Gandhi) Maneka Gandhi, who was contesting against her husband Rajiv Gandhi in Amethi. Rajiv Gandhi won the election and became the Prime Minister of India.