Manmohan Singh: Best Economist and Advisor
Manmohan Singh is the former Prime Minister of India and a renowned economist. He is the only one after Jawaharlal Nehru, who again came back as the Prime Minister of India after completing the full term of five years. Before becoming the Prime Minister, Manmohan Singh was holding eminent positions in several organizations. He is the first Non-Hindu who became India’s Prime Minister.
He started his career in 1966 with United Nations. The bureaucratic career of Manmohan Singh made him holding the eminent posts like Chief Economic Advisor to Indian Government, Head of Planning Commission, Foreign Trade Ministry’s Advisor and Reserve Bank of India’s Governor. When India was in critical economic crisis in 1991, at that time the political career of Manmohan Singh began. He was commissioned as the Finance Minister by the Prime Minister of that time, P.V. Narasimha Rao. When Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee was the Prime Minister, Manmohan Singh was the Opposition’s Leader from 1998 to 2004 in Rajya Sabha.
Manmohan Singh was born in a Sikh Family on 26th September 1932 in Gah, Punjab (when India was undivided). His Father’s name is Gurmukh Singh and Mother’s name is Amrit Kaur. He was very young when he had to face his mother’s demise. So, the paternal grandmother of Manmohan Singh raised him. Because of partition, the family of Manmohan Singh shifted to Amritsar, India. From the University of Punjab, Manmohan Singh got his Bachelor’s and Master’s degree in 1952 and 1954. From the University of Cambridge, he completed his degree in Economics and from Oxford University, he did his D.Phil. in Economics. He was actually a very brilliant student. He loves to read and write.
In 1958, Manmohan Singh got married to Gursharan Kaur. They have three daughters, Amrit Singh, Daman Singh, Upinder Singh. Amrit Singh is working as a staff attorney at American Civil Liberties Union. Daman Singh has completed her graduation from Institute of Rural Management which is in Gujarat and St. Stephen’s College in Delhi. She has also written some books such as ‘The Last Frontier: People and Forests in Mizoram’ and ‘Nine by Nine’, a novel. She has married an I.P.S. officer. Upinder Singh is working at Delhi University as a professor of History. She has also written some books such as ‘Ancient Delhi’ and ‘A History of Ancient and Early Medieval India’.
Before Entering Politics
Manmohan Singh came back to India after getting the Economics’ degree from Cambridge University.
- He was appointed as a teacher in the University of Punjab. In 1963, Manmohan Singh became Professor.
- He also became an Honorary Professor at Delhi University’s Delhi School of Economics in 1966.
- From 1969 to 1971, Manmohan Singh served as a Professor in International Trade.
- In 1976, Manmohan Singh became the secretary in Ministry of Finance.
Some of the Important Positions held by Manmohan Singh
- In 1976: Honorary Professor in Jawaharlal Nehru University
- From 1976-1980: Reserve Bank Of India’s Director
- From 1976-1980: Industrial Development Bank of India’s Director
- From 1980-1982: Planning Commission’s Member
- From 1982-1985: Reserve Bank Of India’s Governor
- From 1985-1987: Planning Commission of India’s Deputy Chairman
- From 1987-1990: South Commission’s SecretaryGeneral
- 1990: Advisor to the Prime Minister on Economic Affairs
- 1991: University Grants Commission’s Chairman.
Entry Into Politics
Manmohan Singh’s entry into politics happened in 1991 when he was appointed as the Union Finance Minister of India by P.V. Narasimha Rao, who was the Prime Minister at that time.
- In the government of P.V. Narasimha Rao, Manmohan Singh became India’s Finance Minister in 1991 and remained at the post from 21st June 1991 to 15th May 1996.
- From 1998 to 2004, in the Parliament’s Upper House, Manmohan Singh was Opposition’s Leader.
- Manmohan Singh was the Leader of Rajya Sabha and Prime Minister of India from 22nd May 2004 to 26th May 2014.
- In June 2007 and 2013, Manmohan Singh was again elected as the Rajya Sabha’s Member.
- In the 2014 Lok Sabha Elections, Manmohan Singh did not participate.
Some other associations and activities of Manmohan Singh
- Manmohan Singh participated in a meeting of Commonwealth Prime Ministers in 1975 which was held at Kingston.
- Manmohan Singh also attended the IMF Interim Committee and Joint Fund-Bank Development Committee’s meetings.
- Manmohan Singh was National Academy of Agricultural Science’s Fellow at New Delhi in 1999.
- Manmohan Singh was National Institute of Education, NCERT’s Fellow in 1986.
Books written by Manmohan Singh
In 1964, Manmohan Singh wrote ‘India’s Export Trends and Prospects for Self-Sustained Growth’. In various economic journals, articles of Manmohan Singh were published.
Associated with clubs and sports
Manmohan Singh is associated with many clubs and sports and a life member of many places such as India Habitat Centre, Indian Economic Association, Bhai Vir Singh Sahitya Sadan, Gymkhana Club at New Delhi and India International Centre.
Manmohan Singh as the Leader of following Indian Delegations:
- From 1977 to 1979, Aid-India Consortium Meetings
- From 1980 to 1982, Indo-Soviet Joint Planning Group Meeting
- In 1982, Indo-Soviet Monitoring Group Meeting
- In 1993, at Cyprus, Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting
- In 1993, at Vienna, Human Rights World Conference
Manmohan Singh attended following Indian Delegations:
- From May 1971 to July 1972, at Geneva, UNCTAD Trade and Development Board’s meeting.
- In October 1971, at Lima, Ministerial Meeting of Group of 77.
- During the April and May 1972, at Santiago, third Session of UNCTAD
- From 1972 to 1979, BRD Commonwealth Finance Ministers and IMF’s Annual meetings.
- From 1973 to 1979, in Paris, Aid-India Consortium Meetings.
- In 1981, Cancun Summit on North-South Issues.
- In 1982, at New Delhi, South-South Consultations.
Manmohan Singh is such an eminent personality that the people of India admire him for his intelligence and for the work he has done for our country when he was the Prime Minister of India.