The Powerful Prime Minister (13th Lok Sabha Election)
The year 1999 ,last year of the millennium, proved to be quite eventful year for India. The Kargil war was going on with Pakistan at that time. India’s last Lok Sabha dissolved because none of the parties were able to make government. So, the Indian general election,1999 were held for 13th Lok Sabha just after the Kargil war with Pakistan. The Indian general election,1999 were held on 5th September to 3rd October, 1999. 273 seats were needed for the majority in 13th Lok Sabha election from 545 seats.
Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) won 182 seats in the 13th Lok Sabha election. This was the third Lok Sabha election in the span of 3 years. Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee became the Prime Minister of the 13th Lok Sabha by forming the pre Election alliance with parties. These were the same number of seats that BJP won in the previous Lok Sabha elections.
Forming the government
BJP under the leadership of Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee made pre election alliance with 17 parties and this was called NDA (National Democratic Alliance). Atal Bihari Vajpayee’s strong character made this strong alliance and this led to the government formation in the Indian general election,1991. He is even considered to be one of the best Prime Ministers of India by some leaders. BJP also had support from Biju Janata Dal, Lok Shakti, National Conference, Telugu Desam Party, Shiv Sena, Janata Dal united and many more.
BJP which was emerging as the largest party in the Indian general election,1999 also challenged some old parties. Atal Bihari Vajpayee got favoured from the voters because he handled Kargil the very intensely and responsibly. In past two years, India had good economic growth, lower rate of inflation and higher industrial growth as well. BJP campaigned on these achievements which gave BJP the title of most important famed party in the 13th Lok Sabha election. While the Congress party, did not perform strongly in the previous Lok Sabha election Campaign under the leadership of Sonia Gandhi.
In the Indian general election,1999 Bharatiya Janata party won 182 seats and 24% voting share. Although, in Uttar Pradesh BJP did loose 28 seats with alliance breaking from Bahujan Samaj Party. In Bihar, BJP and NDA together won 41 seats in Indian general election,1999. In Gujarat, BJP and NDA won 20 seats with voting share of 52.48%. The Indian national Congress performed poorly with only 114 seats and voting share of 28% in the 13th Lok Sabha election. However, Congress performed better in Uttar Pradesh by winning 10 seats. Congress also performed better in Assam ,Orissa and Andhra Pradesh. The Communist Party of India won 4 seats and lost its official status of being a national party in 13th Lok Sabha election.
Some facts of the Indian general election,1999
- The electoral turnout was 59.9% in the 13th Lok Sabha election.
- More than 5 million election officials conducted the Indian general election,1999
- 162 state parties and 7 national parties participated in the 13th Lok Sabha election.
- Voting population was 61.9 crores at that time of election.
- 73% candidates lost their deposits in the Indian general election,1999.
- 4648 candidates participated in the 13th Lok Sabha election.