The Uncertain Prime Ministry (11th Lok Sabha Election)
When the previous Lok Sabha completed its 5 years of duration under the leadership of P.V Narasimha Rao’ s government, which was said to have indulged in scams like cash for votes, and apart from that, Congress party had internal disputes within the party. So, there was the need for the Indian general elections, 1996. The 11th Lok Sabha election was held on 27th April, 2nd may and 7th may in 1996.
Bharatiya Janata party won 161 seats with voting share of 20% in 11 the Lok Sabha election. 201 State parties and 8 National parties participated for the Indian general election, 1996. From 545 seats in the Lok Sabha 273 seats were needed for the majority. BJP was the only single largest party with 161 seats in the in the 11th Lok Sabha. Two governments were formed in the duration of two years between 1996 to 1998.
In the Indian general election, 1996, Bharatiya Janata Party formed the government but it only lasted for the shorter duration because the Indian President Mr Shankar Dayal Sharma invited Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee to form the government in 11th Lok Sabha but Atal Bihari Vajpayee was unable to show minority in the parliament. All India National Congress, Samajwadi Party, DMK, TDP, AGP, Janata Dal, Left front (4 Parties ), National Conference, Tamil Maanila Congress and Maharastrawadi Gomantak Party, together formed a party called the United Front. The United front secured 332 seats and was able to form the government.
In the Indian general election,1996, the first Prime Minister was H.D.Deve Gowda who was from Janata Dal. However, Congress withdrew its support from H.D Deve Gowda because he was not involving Congress government while taking the important decisions and thus, he only lasted for 11 months as a Prime Minister in the 11th Lok Sabha. I.K.Gujral succeeded as the Prime Minister but he too lasted for the duration of 11 months which included 3 months as the caretaker Prime Minister in the 11th Lok Sabha
Congress won 140 seats in the Indian general election,1996 and voting share was 29%. Congress party performed poorly in states like Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. Janata Dal won 46 seats in 11th Lok Sabha election with the voting share of 8% . Janata Dal got lower seats in Bihar and Uttar Pradesh, nearly they lost 29 seats. Samajwadi Party won 17 seats with voting share of 3%. Communist Party of India (Marxist) won 32 seats and voting share was 6%. Tamil Maanila Congress won 20 seats in Indian general election, 1996 with voting share of 2%.
Some facts about the Indian General election,1996:
- 13952 candidates participated with an average of 26.6 per constituency in the 11th Lok Sabha election.
- 90.9% Candidates lost their deposits.
- Voting population was 59.3 crores in the Indian general election,1991.
- 57.5% was the voting population in the 11th Lok Sabha election.
- 40 candidates were under the age of 31 years, 139 candidates were between the age of 31- 40 years, 151 candidates were between the age of 41-50 years, 117 candidates were between the age of 51-60 years, 61 candidates were between the age of 61-70 years and 6 candidates were over the age of 70 years.
- P.A. Sangma was the speaker of 11th Lok Sabha.