Independent India’s First Election : Created History
Isn’t it exciting to think about the first general election in India and how our India became democratic? Well, it was not less than a carnival. The first general election in India has great importance to our country today also. People got the opportunity to take participate in the first general election in India after independence.
Although, many voters were poor and illiterate, were living in rural areas and had never experienced elections before. That is why the preparation of first general election in India began in advance to spread awareness among voters. Because of illiteracy, people were not even able to read or write the party’s name. So that, pictorial representation method was used by which people can easily recognize their favorite party. To prevent impersonation, Our scientists discovered an indelible ink which was applied in the fingers of voters and it stated for almost a week. India’s population was around 36 crore in 1951.
The first general elections in India after independence were held on 25th of October, 1951 to 21st of February, 1952. 1,874 candidates participated in the first general election in India after independence. There were 53 political parties and 533 independent candidates. At the time of first general election in India, 196, 084 stations for polling were set up and out of which 27,527 were only reserved for women. Every candidate was allotted a different colour box which had their election symbol and names. In Nashik, there was a Government of India Security Press, where ballot papers got printed by the Election Commission. Almost 45.7% voters casted their votes.
The election process was not an easy task at the time of the first general election in India. So, for helping out in election procedure, Representation of the People Act, 1951, under the section 159, a provision was made in which the government servants and employees of other local authorities were allowed to be on election duty.
The Indian National Congress won the first general election in India after independence. It got 364 seats out of 489 seats. Jawaharlal Nehru became the first Prime Minister of independent India. The Indian National Congress was the largest and famed political party at the time of first general elections in India after independence by witnessing opposition parties such as Jansangh and CPI. The Indian national Congress endeavored at the best extent by winning the first general elections in India by 45% seats. Jawaharlal Nehru had the biggest campaigning event that covered the maximum number of states of India. 170000 candidates desired a chance in the state assemblies for 3278 seats after the first general election in India after independence.
Opposition leaders such as leader of schedule caste federation, Dr BR Ambedkar was defeated from Bombay and KMPP ‘s leader Acharya Kripalani defeated from Faizabad in Uttar Pradesh. The first Lok Sabha speaker was Ganesh Vasudev Mavalakar. Thus, it became history and people witnessed the first general elections in India after independence.