Dr APJ Abdul Kalam: Most Respected People’s President
In this world, many people have fame or popularity, but only a few are loveable, like Dr Abdul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam (Dr APJ Abdul Kalam), the country’s pride. Dr APJ Abdul Kalam is also known as ‘Missile Man’ of India. Dr APJ Abdul Kalam’s contribution towards nation is very honourable and inspiring. Dr APJ Abdul Kalam’s Achievements are uncountable towards the nation.
Dr APJ Abdul Kalam was a great scientist, a prominent engineer and also the 11th President of India. Dr APJ Abdul Kalam immensely contributed to the Indian space organisation. He pioneered many projects under his mastery such as Rohini-1, Project Devil and Project Valiant. Dr APJ Abdul Kalam developed many powerful missiles under his operation such as Agni and Prithvi and many more. Because of his hard work, strategies and leadership, India became the nuclear power by successfully conducted the Pokhran nuclear test.
Early Life of Dr APJ Abdul Kalam
Dr APJ Abdul Kalam was born on 15th October in the year 1931 in a pilgrimage centre of Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu. His father Jainulabdeen was an imam in a local mosque and a boat owner. His mother Ashiamma was a housewife. Dr APJ Abdul Kalam was a very bright student, who always wanted to learn and discover new things.Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam completed his school education from Schwartz Higher Secondary School in Ramanathapuram. In 1954, Dr APJ Abdul Kalam was studying Physics, from Saint Joseph’s College, Tiruchirapalli which was then affiliated from Madras University. In 1955, Dr APJ Abdul Kalam went to Madras Institute of Technology to study aerospace engineering. Dr APJ Abdul Kalam wanted to become a fighter pilot but nearly missed his dream as he was the ninth qualifier and in IAF only eight positions were available.
APJ Abdul Kalam’s career as a scientist
Dr APJ Abdul Kalam was known as the missile man of India because he was the most brilliant scientist in India at that time. Dr APJ Abdul Kalam was a professor in various universities like International Institute of Information Technology in Hyderabad, Banaras Hindu University and Anna University.
- APJ Abdul Kalam was an eminent scientist and a science administrator at DRDO which is Defence Research and Development Organisation and also a scientist at ISRO which is Indian Space Research Organisation.
- In ISRO, Dr APJ Abdul Kalam was the project director of the country’s first satellite Launched Vehicle (SLV-III). Although, Dr APJ Abdul Kalam started his career with developing and designing a small hovercraft.
- APJ Abdul Kalam also worked under Vikram’s Dadabhai as a part of INCOSPAR committee. In 1970s, Dr APJ Abdul Kalam headed two projects, named Project Valiant and Project Devil.
- Dr APJ Abdul Kalam even pioneered India’s civilian space program and was involved in the military missile development. Dr APJ Abdul Kalam engrossed and concentrated on the development of the launch vehicle technology and the ballistic missile development that is why he was called the missile man of India.
- In the year 1998, Dr APJ Abdul Kalam played a vital role as pivotal Organisational both technological and Political in the Pokhran-2 nuclear tests held by India which were highly successful. Thus, India became a nuclear power nation with pride.
Dr APJ Abdul Kalam was not an only famous scientist in India but he also visited much foreign space organisation like NASA’s Langley Research Centre in Hampton, Virginia; Wallops Flight Facility and Goddard Space Flight Centre in Maryland’s Greenbelt.
Dr APJ Abdul Kalam as the President of India
After serving as a scientist for the nation for almost 4 decades, Dr APJ Abdul Kalam was nominated for the President’s post by the National Democratic Alliance (NDA ) which was in power under the leadership of Prime Minister, Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee. The opposition parties both The Indian National Congress and the Samajwadi Party backed the candidacy of Dr APJ Abdul Kalam. In the year 2002, Dr APJ Abdul Kalam became the 11th President of India succeeding K.R Narayanan. Dr APJ Abdul Kalam won the presidential election with huge margin surpassing Lakshmi Sahgal.
As the President of India, Dr APJ Abdul Kalam was also known as the People’s President. In his presidency tenure, Dr APJ Abdul Kalam made the toughest decision like inaction in deciding the fate of 20 out of 21 mercy petitions. Though it was criticized by many but his intelligence and vision cannot be questioned. Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam keeping the view of the population of India at that time, he supported the need of Uniform Civil Code in the country, in an interactive session, PGI Chandigarh, in September 2003. Dr
APJ Abdul Kalam also said that the toughest decision as the President of India was to sign the Office of Profit Bill.
Dr APJ Abdul Kalam’s term ended as the President of India on 20th June 2006. Though he was willing to participate for the second time for the nomination of the presidential election later he decided not to contest for the election for president of India.
Honours, Achievements and Awards
- In the honour of Dr APJ Abdul Kalam, the Botanical Survey of India gave a plant species his name called Drypetes Kalamazoo.
- A National missile test site was renamed in Odisha from Wheeler Island to Abdul Kalam Island.
- The Aurangzeb road in New Delhi has been renamed to Dr APJ Abdul Kalam Road in 2015.
- Dr APJ Abdul Kalam received 7 honours doctorates from 40 universities.
- In 1981, The Government of India honoured him with Padma Bhushan and in 1990 with Padma Vibushan.
- In 1997, Dr APJ Abdul Kalam received India’s highest civilian honour the “Bharat Ratna”
- APJ Abdul Kalam won the Von Barun Award from the National Space Society.
- In 2015, the Prime Minister Narendra Modi released a postage stamp on the 84thbirth anniversary of Dr APJ Abdul Kalam, commemorating him at DRDO Bhawan in New Delhi.
- Several hospitals and universities were renamed in his honour like the Uttar Pradesh Technical University renamed to APJ Abdul Kalam university and many more.
- Even NASA Jet propulsion Laboratory named a newly discovered bacterium on the filters of International space station and honoured it on his name as Solibacillus Kalami.
- There were many books written on the life of Dr APJ Abdul Kalam.
Dr APJ Abdul Kalam was the pride of India and died on 27th July 2015 from cardiac arrest. The contribution and the hard work done by him for the Country cannot be described in words and will be remembered always in the hearts of the people of India forever.